Sample Chapter & TOC


Chapter 7 builds upon the foundations of curved arrow notation and charge stability that students learn in Chapter 6. Students see that ionic reactions are driven largely by the flow of electrons from an electron-rich site to an electron-poor and that total bond energy is also an important driving force. Students also learn how to simplify ionic and organometallic species to work more comfortably with mechanisms. These concepts are applied toward the ten most common elementary steps that make up the bulk of multistep mechanisms students will encounter throughout the year.

Click here to read Chapter 7: An Overview of the Most Common Elementary Steps

See below for Joel Karty’s Table of Contents or Click here: Karty Advantage

Chapter 1: Atomic and Molecular Structure

Nomenclature 1: Introduction: The Basic System for Naming Simple Organic Compounds: Alkanes, Cycloalkanes, Haloalkanes, Nitroalkanes, and Ethers

Chapter 2: Three-Dimensional Geometry, Intermolecular Interactions, and Physical Properties

Chapter 3: Orbital Interactions 1: Hybridization and Two-Center Molecular Orbitals

Nomenclature 2: Naming Alkenes, Alkynes, and Benzene Derivatives

Chapter 4: Isomerism 1: Conformational and Constitutional Isomers

Chapter 5: Isomerism 2: Chirality, Enantiomers, and Diastereomers

Nomenclature 3: Considerations of Stereochemistry: R and S Configurations About Stereocenters, and Z and E
Configurations About Double Bonds

Chapter 6: The Proton Transfer Reaction: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Thermodynamics, and Charge Stability

Chapter 7: An Overview of the Most Common Elementary Steps

Interchapter 1: Molecular Orbital Theory and Chemical Reactions

Nomenclature 4: Naming Compounds with Common Functional Groups: Alcohols, Amines, Ketones, Aldehydes,Carboxylic Acids, Acid Halides, Acid Anhydrides, Nitriles, and Esters

Chapter 8: An Introduction to Multistep Mechanisms: SN1 and E1 Reactions

Chapter 9: Nucleophilic Substitution and Elimination Reactions 1: Competition among SN2, SN1, E2, and E1 Reactions

Chapter 10: Nucleophilic Substitution and Elimination Reactions 2: Reactions That Are Useful for Synthesis

Chapter 11: Electrophilic Addition to Nonpolar π Bonds 1: Addition of a Brønsted acid

Chapter 12: Electrophilic Addition to Nonpolar π Bonds 2: Reactions Involving Cyclic Transition States

Chapter 13: Organic Synthesis 1: Beginning Concepts

Chapter 14: Orbital Interactions 2: Extended π Systems, Conjugation, and Aromaticity

Chapter 15: Structure Determination 1: Ultraviolet–Visible and Infrared Spectroscopies

Chapter 16: Structure Determination 2: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and Mass Spectrometry

Chapter 17: Nucleophilic Addition to Polar π Bonds. 1: Addition of Strong Nucleophiles

Chapter 18: Nucleophilic Addition to Polar π Bonds 2: Weak Nucleophiles and Acid and Base Catalysis

Chapter 19: Organic Synthesis 2: Intermediate Topics of Synthesis Design; Useful Reduction and Oxidation Reactions

Chapter 20: Nucleophilic Addition–Elimination Reactions 1: The General Mechanism Involving Strong Nucleophiles

Chapter 21: Nucleophilic Addition–Elimination Reactions 2: Weak Nucleophiles

Chapter 22: Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution 1: Substitution on Benzene; Useful Accompanying Reactions

Chapter 23: Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution 2: Substitution Involving Mono- and Disubstituted Benzene and Other
Aromatic Rings

Chapter 24: The Diels–Alder Reaction and Other Pericyclic Reactions

Chapter 25: Reactions Involving Free Radicals

Interchapter 2: Fragmentation Pathways in Mass Spectrometry

Chapter 26: Polymers

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